- Wolf pack – the most harmonious and most effective team in the world.
A pack of wolves (pack of wolves) is headed by an alpha male and female. They provide three functions: attack (obtaining food), defence (against aggressors and competitors) and keeping the herd whole. These three functions, mastered to perfection, are the secrets of the alpha leaders. However, the power of the pack is much more than that.
The pack of wolves is a pack. It consists of a few to several wolves. The pack is organized according to a strictly defined hierarchy. Her male and female alpha occupies the highest position. In the wolf hierarchy, each position is manned twice, by male and female. The male and the female alpha do not compete with each other for leadership of the pack. They support and fulfil their roles. The alpha male is at the forefront of all males and tries to have insight into everything that is happening in the herd. The alpha female leads all females and watches over the relationships prevailing in the wadding. The male and female also share three functions of pack guides: attack – obtaining food, defence against aggressors (e.g. bears or other packs of wolves), caring for relationships, i.e. ensuring cooperation in the pack
The first two functions are usually performed by the alpha male, the third by the alpha female. However, there are other divisions. It is important that the alpha male and female share functions. Doubling them, they will get in each other’s way, and there will be an atmosphere of struggle and aggression in the watts. Male and female alpha can exchange functions temporarily, but they never compete with each other. When the alpha male is injured while hunting, the next hunt is led by the alpha female. However, when the male recovers, he returns to his function. When an alpha female gives birth to offspring, the alpha male watches over the relationships in the waddle. After a few weeks, however, the female regains its function.
The second place after the alpha pair is occupied by the wolf and the beta she-wolf. The next places in the hierarchy are occupied by the third wolf and the third she-wolf, the fourth wolf and the fourth she-wolf, the fifth wolf and the fifth she-wolf etc. In addition to adult wolves, there are also puppies in the wadding. Until the emergence of new offspring, that is, less than a year, they remain outside the hierarchy. Everyone looks after them and teaches them the rules of living in the waddings. After a year, young wolves occupy one of the lowest positions in the herd.
Puppies are the offspring of a female and an alpha male. In the wad, only the alpha pair transmits their genes and has offspring. Other wolves do not breed. During estrus, the alpha pair makes sure that the other wolves do not breed.
The alpha male is a great organizer of social life in a group. No other wolf is so much interested in peaceful and harmonious intercourse. He initiates packet gatherings, greetings, strengthening group ties, eliminating aggression and creating a mood of relaxation. He is the decision-maker, initiator, guardian and protector of the pack. However, alpha is aggressive towards outside intruders – especially if its pack is quite large. Every wolf joining her is a potential threat to his position, which he tries to exclude in advance. Usually, the alpha male is not the largest or strongest wolf in the herd. Alpha is usually the best leader, organizer and strategist. The beta and wolf are usually the largest and strongest.
The beta male is usually the strongest and largest wolf in the wadding. What’s more, he is a skilled hunter and can fight other wolves very well. Why, then, is not the dominant male? The answer is simple. Has too little leadership skills. Therefore, it works closely with the alpha wolf. Alpha and beta are a harmonious duo. Alpha protects beta and beta alpha. When one of the lower-ranking males wants to take over leadership in the waddle, they do not attack the alpha male. First, he must beat the beta. The beta wolf is the physical protector of alpha. Even if a young wolf defeats beta, he is so weakened by the fight that alpha will easily defeat him and defend his position. However, he may lose his loyal defender – the beta wolf. That is why the alpha male watches over the situation in the herd. If any of the young wolves want to take his place, he growls and exposes his dominant position.
If the beta wolf is stronger than the alpha, why does it recognize its superiority over itself? After all, he could defeat the alpha and become the most important male in the wadding. However, it doesn’t. He knows that even if he took over leadership, he would not be able to maintain it. There is not enough leadership, organizational or strategic skills for this. He could not organize the pack so that she successfully defended herself against the aggressors and was able to obtain food. Then the pack would reject him as the leader. His place would be taken by one of the young wolves with leadership skills, and he would take one of the lowest places in the hierarchy. Therefore, the beta wolf prefers to be second than last. Most often he defends the alpha against the third male.
The third wolf is usually a strong young male with leadership skills. It is a so-called subdominant. His position combines contradictory tendencies: he is able to act like an alpha male, but he cannot take over. He won’t beat beta and alpha at the same time. He can stay in the herd, but he will remain in the third male. He will be irritated with this state of affairs and become aggressive. He can also leave the pack and try to set up his own. If he decides to do so, he will wander alone for many days until he finds a lonely female, with whom he will set up his own pack and become an alpha. When they raise their offspring, their pack will become bigger and stronger. However, the first year will be very difficult for them. They will have to show great skills and resourcefulness. Hunting and raising children only is very difficult. They may not succeed. What’s more, the male may not find the female at all and lose his life – starve to death or be bitten by other wolves when he enters their territory.
The fourth and fifth males are probably also young wolves, but with less leadership than the third male. None of them will decide to leave and put on their own pack. However, he can disconnect from the herd with the third male and, considering him as alpha, become a beta himself.
The next males in the hierarchy are usually older individuals who have years of domination behind them. They are members of the pack and accept their low position because they can do a lot by doing themselves, they cannot even get food on their own. Their role in the herd is insignificant. They usually help with the hunt or look after the puppies when the pack is hunting.
On the female side, the hierarchy looks similar, but the role of the female beta is slightly different than that of the male beta. The beta female does not defend the alpha female but is its direct rival. Has the position of sub-dominant among females. Like the third wolf, she can stay in the herd and accept her place or leave and look for a lone male with whom she will set up her own pack.
The third and fourth females are also usually young females, however, slightly weaker or with less leadership than the female beta. One of them usually looks after puppies when the alpha female stops feeding them with her milk.
Other females in the hierarchy are usually old, weak individuals who are unable to fight for position or leave the pack.
You can be promoted in the herd hierarchy only if a vacancy occurs in a given position, e.g. the alpha male will die as a result of wounds sustained during hunting or he will not be able to lead the waders. All other attempts at “promotion” are usually suppressed, and the young rebel is banished from the pack.
The constructed hierarchy and system of relationships in this way meant that wolves belong to the world’s best-organized animals with a herd lifestyle. Thanks to this, they survived very difficult times when man declared war on them. Wolves have survived hundreds of years of struggle with millions of people armed with firearms. They managed to do it because they were able to adapt to changing conditions very quickly and efficiently. The man was taking more and more terrain from wolves, and they were constantly changing strategies and hunting grounds, retreating deeper into forests and mountains. The fact that wolves survived such bad opinion – and not only in mythology, art and literature but also in reality – is due to the amazing abilities of these animals. They orientate their activities in the long term. They never prefer short-term pre-strategic benefits. They show adaptation skills and, more importantly, they are ready for quick changes. The basis of their long-term operation and quick adaptation to changing environmental conditions is the unique way of communication of wolves. Their communication is clear, not disturbed by disputes and disagreements.
Why does the wolf leave the pack?
Wolves leave the pack, usually in early spring (before new offspring appear) or in autumn (when oestrus begins). These periods are particularly turbulent in the pack’s life.
Wataha often loses young, ambitious and promising individuals. However, nobody worries about it. From the pack’s point of view, it’s good that young and talented wolves are leaving.
A good alpha leader knows that a young wolf must be allowed to leave. He also knows that the company will need a new talented manager. The alpha boss is ready for this. He quickly finds the successor of the manager because he cares for the whole organization and raises successors – just like the wolves his offspring. If a company encounters difficulties when a talented manager leaves, it means that he has neglected a very important element of organizational culture – raising his successors. Wolves never forget that. They know that offspring are the future.
When a young wolf with great leadership abilities and very good relations with other wolves leaves the pack, several other young individuals may leave with it. If the pack is small, e.g. has eight individuals, the departure of three can seriously weaken it. Eight wolves can successfully hunt a large animal. It will be much harder on five. The alpha leader is aware of this. Just like the alpha male of the new emerging pack. His pack initially consists of only three individuals. In such a situation, both packs often occupy neighbouring areas and work together until new children are raised. Together they hunt and together they defend their territory against aggressors. Every day, however, do not meet. They lead a life far apart. However, at the moment of the danger, they support each other.
- Alpha leader or alpha male?
It is not enough to be an alpha male to lead. You need to be an alpha leader to lead. The wolf pack leader is an alpha male, but first and foremost an alpha male, or alpha male who managed to control his negative traits. Thanks to this he is a leader. In the world of wolves, the aggressive alpha male is a dead alpha male, not a leader. The alpha wolf, which is guided by aggression, growls and bites other members of the pack, sooner or later it is driven out or bitten by a pack. This is because the action causes a reaction. Aggression provokes an aggressive response. In nature, this process is much faster than in the capitalist world. In the world of money, many people endure an alpha tyrant – for money. Employees have their families, homes and bills to pay. They work with an alpha male because they need money. They think: “A few more months and I will leave.” Some of them actually go away and some stay. Those who stay become wrecks of people completely devoid of the ability to feel any emotions or needs. They don’t care. In the long run, the aggressive alpha boss will lose all good people. He will start looking for the next because everyone can be replaced. And if everyone does like him, who will he get? Another wreck. Soon it will be replaced by the management for another … aggressive alpha male! After all, you need a man who will quickly mobilize everyone to work. Therefore, you employ another aggressive alpha, which is quickly able to intimidate everyone and cause a temporary improvement of results. In turn, the released alpha goes to another company, where it receives a new team to be intimidated.
In the world of wolves, such behaviour would be total idiocy, because it leads to the destruction of the pack (organization). It throws her out of stability and balance. The real alpha leader is not just an alpha male. He is an alpha male who managed to control his aggression-related traits. Aggression helps the young wolf reach the position of an alpha male. However, it is not enough to keep it! The alpha wolf, like the real alpha leader, faces a lot of resistance and difficulties from the pack/organization. However, resistance is overcome not by aggressive behaviour and domination, but by weakening resistance! The alpha leader gets into the situation of his opponent, recognizes the motives of his actions, weakens them and looks for the answer to the question “What can I do so that this person, in addition to their motives of acceptance, also accepts mine?”. The head of the alpha, like the alpha wolf, gives a clear direction, a clear structure of which he has a clear idea and which communicates equally clearly. Only in this way can he gather the right employees (and wolves) around him, who will lead to the success of the entire structure. “
What makes an alpha male leader?
- The essence of leadership and teamwork in an organization
The combination of an ideal leader with an ideal team is a guarantee of the success of any organization. How to do it
How does a leader influence a team and a team influence a leader? What benefits does the team have from having a leader? What privileges does the leader get? This is all very well seen when hunting a pack of wolves.
Hunting wolves very accurately depicts the principles of leadership and teamwork.
Wolves provide an outside observer. The wolf is persistent and focuses on one current action. Wolves are specialists. Everyone has a dominant role, but animals can also exchange roles if needed. The following roles can be distinguished in the hunting wad: the
- herdsmen – rush the victim straight ahead,
- blockers – cut off the animal’s escape route, block them,
- sprinters – throw themselves at the animal and strike the first blow, often kill the animal,
- observers – observe the whole situation.
Wolves also hunt in the yard.
When a man began to settle in the territory of wolves and graze sheep there, an interesting phenomenon was noticed. Wolves, attacking sheep in the yard, murder everything that moves. When they hunt wild animals, they only kill as much as they can eat. However, in a pen with three hundred sheep, they are able to kill all and eat only three of them.
Why is this happening? There are two reasons for this behaviour. First: excess food triggers the desire to accumulate food. Do you know the saying “as you eat, your appetite increases”? Second: wolves hunting in the forest usually kill weak and sick individuals. Killing the weak, help them survive the strong and healthy. Strong and healthy individuals will produce more offspring and the wolf will have more food next year. These are the laws of nature and the wolf respects them. A wild animal has nowhere to run. The sheep in the yard are trapped. The wolf hunting in the yard all the sheep seem sick and weak because they can’t escape. Therefore, he kills them to eliminate weak individuals. I want to help nature. A sheep is NOT a wild animal, but the wolf does NOT know it and treats it as a weak, sick, wild animal. If the animal is unable to escape the wolf, the wolf treats them as sick and eliminates them. At the same time, a large amount of food encourages him to make supplies. He has the opportunity, so he gets food.